A EXPERIÊNCIA INTERATIVA DE FAMÍLIAS EM UM MUSEU DE CIÊNCIAS: UM ESTUDO NO MUSEU DE CIÊNCIA E TECNOLOGIA DE PORTO ALEGRE

Luisa Massarani, Graziele Scalfi, Jéssica Norberto-Rocha, Rafael Velloso Luz, Martha Marandino

Resumo


Este estudo, de abordagem qualitativa e caráter exploratório, teve como objetivo compreender a experiência de famílias em um museu de ciência, com destaque para as interações e conteúdo conversacional. Participaram do estudo quatro grupos de famílias com crianças em visita espontânea ao Museu de Ciência e Tecnologia (MCT) da Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Rio Grande do Sul (PUCRS). O estudo contou com o registro audiovisual das relações das famílias com seus pares e com as exposições e, como instrumento de análise, utilizou-se um protocolo que combina aspectos teóricos e empíricos da interatividade. Os resultados indicam que, durante as visitas, as famílias conversam sobre aspectos das exposições, contemplando ou lendo textos e participando plenamente das atividades propostas. No entanto, foram reduzidas as conversas sobre temas de ciência. As análises sugerem que os pais, em maior ou menor intensidade, exerceram um papel importante de assistência e orientação das crianças, por exemplo, ao fornecerem instrução e apoio na interpretação para entender os conhecimentos científicos expostos, participarem em atividades e estimularem conexões com experiências anteriores que contribuíram para conversas nas quais emergiram reflexões de diversas naturezas e comportamentos de aprendizagem.


Palavras-chave


Famílias; Espaço de educação não-formal; Aprendizagem de livre escolha

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Referências


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.22600/1518-8795.ienci2021v26n1p261

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