ATIVIDADES INVESTIGATIVAS BASEADAS EM TICE: UM ESTUDO DOS DOMÍNIOS SOCIAL, AFETIVO E COGNITIVO DE CRIANÇAS E JOVENS A PARTIR DOS FUNDAMENTOS ESSENCIAIS DA ARGUMENTAÇÃO NO CONTEXTO DA EDUCAÇÃO CIENTÍFICA

Geraldo W. Rocha Fernandes, António M. Rodrigues, Carlos Alberto Rosa Ferreira

Resumo


Este estudo qualitativo tem o objetivo de compreender como as crianças e os jovens interagem com conteúdos científicos e desenvolvem atividades investigativas mediadas por tecnologias digitais, a partir de três domínios: social, afetivo e cognitivo. Participaram desta pesquisa crianças e jovens oriundos do concelho de Sintra, em Portugal, e para a recolha de dados, foi usado um questionário, realizadas entrevistas semiestruturadas e filmagens do desenvolvimento de uma atividade investigativa através de um Módulo Temático Virtual (MTV). Por meio da Análise Textual Discursiva, foram analisadas categorias pré-determinadas e subcategorias emergentes, utilizando os “fundamentos essenciais da argumentação no contexto da educação científica”: a) os Elementos Taxionômicos da Argumentação Científica (ETAC); b) os Níveis Hierárquicos da Qualidade do Argumento Modificado (QAM); e c) os Elementos Característicos do “Discurso Pedagógico” de Basil Bernstein. Verificou-se que os resultados são mais relevantes em uma atividade investigativa, mediada pelas TIC, quando se leva em consideração: 1) aspectos do domínio social: relacionados com as características sociais e dimensões sociológicas; 2) aspectos do domínio afetivo: relacionados com a tecnologia, o ato de escrever no computador, a disponibilidade para aprender e as manifestações emocionais expressas em situações de alegria, motivação, surpresa e prazer; e 3) os aspectos do domínio cognitivo: evidenciados pela argumentação científica.


Palavras-chave


Ensino de Ciências por Investigação; Argumentação científica; Tecnologias de informação e da comunicação; Discurso pedagógico de Basil Bernstein

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Referências


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.22600/1518-8795.ienci2020v25n2p369

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