Theses and Dissertations
The Department of Physics of the Federal University
of Rio Grande do Sul publishes the regulations and dates
for admissions to the Master Program in Physics.
- The Master Program in Physics has the following Research Areas:
Experimental Physics, Theoretical Physics and
Vacancies for each Research Area are not predefined.
- Selections will be made by the Fellowship Commission and the
result will be validate by the Graduate Commission.
- Are allowed to apply candidates who have a Bachelor's degree
in Physics or related areas, or students in the last semester
of the their undergraduate studies. For those candidates
whose application falls in the last case, if approved they
must prove the ending of their undergraduate studies until
the date of enrollment. The Fellowship Commission will inform
by letter those candidates who had their application denied.
- Necessary domuments for application which must be delivery
to the Program Secretariat or sent by mail to the address in the
top of this announcement:
- A filled Registration Form (available in http://www.if.ufrgs.br/pos/portugues/forminscr.pdf);
- copy of Identification Document (for brazilians);
- copy of Passport (for foreigners);
- copy of Diploma of Bachelor's degree or the
undergraduate enrollment of the last semester, for those
candidates who have not finished yet their undergraduate studies;
- copy of undergraduate transcription;
- in case of those candidates who have a Bachelor's degree from other Institution,
please annex the program of the specific courses
done in the undergraduate studies, described below;
- Curriculum Vitae;
- two recommendation letters according the model available in http://www.if.ufrgs.br/pos/portugues/ctarec.pdf.
- The selection process includes analysis of undergraduate transcription
and a written exam, prepared by the Graduate Commission, as
- Just 6 (six) specific courses will be considered for analysis from the
undergraduate transcription. They are (including its programs):
- Electromagnetic Theory I: Electrostatic and
magnetostatic fields. Dielectric media. Magnetic materials.
Electric and magnetic fields of a moving charge.
Electromagnetic potentials. Maxwell Equations.
Wave function. Restricted Relativity.
- Mathematical Physics I: Complex variable
functions and its applications in Physics.
Abstract vectorial spaces, and
Mathematical foundations of Quantum Mechanics.
- Classical Mechanics II: Lagrangean and Hamiltonian
formulations. Applications to many body systems.
- Quantum Mechanics I: Schrödinger Equation,
free particle and wave packets, unidimensional problems,
orbital angular momentum, hidrogen atom, spin,
time-independent perturbation theory,
colision, identical particles.
- Thermodynamics: Variables of state and exact differentials;
zero law of thermodynamics; laws of thermodynamics;
fundamental equation of thermodynamics;
thermodynamic potentials; response functions;
stability of equilibrium state - ideal gas;
thermodynamics of chemical reactions;
thermodynamics of phase transitions;
Clausius-Clapeyron equation; Van der Waals equation;
Ginzburg-Landau theory; critical exponents.
- Statistical Mechanics: Kinetic theory. Microcanonical,
canonical, and grancanonical ensembles.
Information theory and entropy. Partition function and
thermodynamic potentials. Fermi-Dirac, Bose-Einstein, and
Maxwell-Boltzmann statistics. Applications.
- Grades from specific courses (listed above) are converted
to score numbers as the following: A=3, B=2, C=1 and D=FF=0.
Arithmetic mean is then taken with precision of two decimal digits.
- Candidates whose transcription has grades as numbers,
the following conversion is applied:
D = not approved in the course. C = minimum grade to be approved
up to 7.49. B = from 7.5 up to 8.99 and A = 9.0 up to 10.
- The written exam is constituted by 40 "objective" questions
(simple choice among five options). The candidate has four hours
to conclude the exam. No consultation is allowed to any bibliography.
The questions enclose fundamental principles and practical aspects
present in a typical undergraduate course of Physics.
- The candidade with more right answers in the exam will have
score equals 3.00. The other cadidates will have proportional scores
(normalized scores), with precision of two decimal digits.
- For each candidade, an arithmetic mean is computed involving
both score from trascript analysis and the written exam
score, with precision of two decimal digits. Are considered
approved to the Master Program
those candidates with arithmetic mean equals or higher
1.5 (one and half).
- Candidates from other Institutions may indicate an authoriry
(head of Department for example) who may takes the responsability
for the exam accomplishment. Indication and
documents for application have to be
delivery together. A declaration of concordance from the authority
must be included in the documentation.
- Appeals must be made within 5 (five) academic days after
- Omissive cases will be resolved by the Graduate Commission.