Venera 13 Descent Craft
Courtesy of NASA's National Space Science Data Center
Launch Date: 1978-09-14
Venera 13 landed at 7° 30 minutes South by 303°, just east of the eastern
extension of an elevated region known as Phoebe Regio. It survived for 2 h 7
min in an environment with a temperature of 457°C and a pressure of 89
earth atmospheres. Venera 13 carried instruments to take chemical and
isotopic measurements, monitor the spectrum of scattered sunlight, and
record electric discharges during its descent phase through the Venusian
atmosphere. The spacecraft utilized a camera system, an X-ray fluorescence
spectrometer, and a seismometer to conduct investigations on the surface.
Views of the Solar System Copyright © 1997 by
Calvin J. Hamilton. All rights reserved.